Causation and Material Contribution The Next Chapter

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Course Overview

This webinar considers the recent Privy Council decision of Williams v Bermuda Hospitals Board [2016] and the doctrine of material contribution and causation in tort.  The outcome of the Williams case was considered potentially so important, that the NHS Litigation authority applied to intervene in the litigation in November 2015. There was a concern that the case could potentially set new guidelines for the but for test which would open the floodgates in the UK for negligence claims.

The webinar will consider the facts and conclusion of the case; when it is appropriate to depart from the ‘but for test’, the differences between ‘divisible’ and ‘indivisible injuries’ and offer practical tips for dealing with knotty causation issues.

What are the requirements?

  • Watch 20 minute recorded webinar, including reference notes, discussion questions and optional evaluation form to test your legal knowledge
  • This course provides 0.5 – 1 CPD point (depending on length of time spent considering the discussion questions and completing the evaluation form)

Learning Outcomes

  • On completion of this course you will:
  • • Understand the importance of the recent case on material contribution
  • • Know when it is appropriate to depart from the but for test

What is the target audience?

  • PI practitioners



About Instructor - Gemma Witherington

Gemma specialises in personal injury, clinical negligence, insurance, commercial litigation, professional negligence and costs.  Gemma is a popular and busy advocate at Hardwicke  and is consistently recommended as a leading junior in Legal 500, in which she commended as “a real fighter and an astute thinker”.

Gemma recently acted as junior in one of the largest wasted costs cases: Kagalovsky and Balmore v Wilcox and others [2015] EWHC 1337 (QB) and appeared as sole counsel in the Privy Council in 2016.

Gemma is known for being approachable and client focused and for her ability to deliver robust and clear advice.

Prior to joining the Bar, Gemma worked in the litigation department at an international bank which gives her a clear understanding of the pressures involved for clients in the conduct of litigation.

Course Curriculum

Recorded Webinars

  • Webinar


  • Slides
    13 Page
  • Evaluation and Discussion Questions
    3 Page


  • Price
  • £ 60